Hypotropia (Vertical Strabismus)

What is Hypotropia?

Hypotropic Eyes Graphic

In general, strabismus (or tropia) is defined by frequency (intermittent or constant), laterality (right, left, or alternating), and direction (horizontal or vertical).

Horizontal strabismus is termed esotropia (inward turn of the eye) or exotropia (outward turn of the eye). Vertical strabismus is termed hypotropia (downward turn of the eye) or hypertropia (upward turn of the eye).

Therefore, hypotropia is a form of vertical strabismus where one eye deviates downwards in comparison to the other eye.

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